As our furry friends age our thought process should begin to shift towards performing preventative maintenance to aid in ensuring that our loyal companions are with us for years to come. With individualized anesthesia protocols and appropriate monitoring, dental procedures are safer than ever before. The importance of proper dental care can not be underestimated.
As pets age their prevalence for periodontal disease increases. The older or smaller the animal, the greater the risk for periodontal disease .Without proper treatment this condition is likely to worsen until it results in tooth decay and loss. In addition there is a strong correlation between periodontal disease and such conditions as diabetes, renal disease and congestive heart failure. In addition to periodontal disease oral tumors are also seen more often in our aging pets. Often, the early detection and identification of oral masses can provide a crucial window in which adequate treatment can be performed.
Do you have concerns with your beloved family member undergoing a dental cleaning? Each case is examined on an individual basis. During this time the risk of retaining the dental disease as well as the potential irreversible effects that it can have on the rest of the body are weighed against the potential risk of treatment. An individual treatment plan is customized to meet the needs of each patient. The customized treatment plan involves pre anesthetic diagnostics, and stabilization therapy during the pre and post periods of treatment if needed.
You might wonder; What exactly does a dental cleaning entail for our companions? Upon arrival an individualized treatment protocol is discussed and developed for the patient. From this point pre anesthetic diagnostics are performed and an intravenous catheter is placed. The specific pre anesthetic diagnostic program is customized to each individual patient. This allows us to perform an internal screening on the internal organs. Such screenings aid in the diagnosis of such conditions as diabetes and renal inefficiencies.
Once diagnostics are evaluated supportive care can begin to be administered if needed. What is supportive care? Supportive care comes in many forms. The most common of which is the administration of intravenous fluids to aid in keeping the animal hydrated as well as allowing toxins to be flushed into the bloodstream and excreted out of the body. From here the animal is fully sedated using the safest medications possible. An tracheal tube is placed and supportive oxygen care begins.
While under anesthesia vital signs are monitored to ensure utmost safety. The scaling process may officially begin. What is scaling? This is the process of removing and eliminating the dental plaque. Dental tarter is adhered firmly to the surface of the teeth. The removal of tartar is accomplished using ultrasonic scalers as well as hand instruments. This is performed on the surface of the teeth both above and below the gum line.
Now that the plaque and debris is removed the teeth are ready to be polished. This allows us to remove any remaining small particles of debris that is left behind from the scaling procedure as well as cleanse the tooth with a polishing agent. Unfortunately this do not come in new car smell.Now that the teeth have been cleansed and polished it is time to rinse and spit. An antiseptic rinse is applied.
Congratulations the dental cleaning is complete! From here our constant companions are moved into recovery. During this stage the animal is monitored vigorously. Once the animal begins to regain consciousness the tracheal tube is removed. The animal is now able to recover peacefully while still being monitored.
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